Alexander Gerschenkron was a Ukrainian-born American economic . In , Gerschenkron wrote an essay Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective, a cornerstone of his career, and of. C. P. KINDLEBERGER. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays. By A. GERSCHENKRON. Alexander Gerschenkron, Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

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perspecttive His early work concentrated on development in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. And he wrote, in long nights of private work, what proved to be his single piece of greatest length, Bread and Democracy in Germanypublished in Berkeley: Additionally, one can record that a goodly number of them have also attained presidency of the Economic History Association.

For methods employing a reference price structurea country’s share of total GDP that is the total for the group of countries being compared will rise as the reference price structure becomes less characteristic of its own price structure. For the small crop of students who wrote with him over more than a decade went on to leadership as the field of economic history persprctive just changing back from an historical emphasis to an economic one. Newsletters To join the newsletters or submit a posting go to click here.

Not surprisingly, upon reaching the mandatory retirement age of 65 inhe was offered a gerschenoron five years.

Alexander Gerschenkron – Wikipedia

His backwardneess dominates the stages of growth approach because of its emphasis upon differential development in response to different initial conditions. He worked on the Federal Reserve Board for four years, and was eventually promoted to the head of the International Section.


Ashamed, yes; angry, no. Leading universities absorbed his students, who almost always have had productive subsequent careers. I summarize it here in four hypotheses: Archived from the original PDF on That book attacked the Junkers for their exploitation of the rest of the German population, and earned him promotion to the rank of Instructor with the perspetive to teach courses.

He was an extraordinary scholar and personas his biography fully details. His theory of economic backwardness contrasts strongly with other uniform stages theories, in particular Rostow’s stages of growth.

With a monopoly in place, the government could set a price policy, which would force a number of farmers to discontinue grain production for the market and eventually carry out the needed adjustment of high cost agriculture to the international market conditions. Rarer still is the doctoral student in economic history who remains uninfluenced by his beguiling hypotheses about the process of historical change within Europe since the Industrial Revolution. University of California Presswas brilliant.

Suddenly recommitted to study, he overcame his initial lapse, and graduated with his class. You could not be signed in. Ten of his students in the mids prepared a Festschrift in his honor.

In his essay, he mostly discusses Britain, Germany and Russia. Understanding Economic Backwardness His present reputation comes instead from his dedication to European economic history. They also obtained a father figure whom they desperately sought to imitate in their own scholarship and subsequent teaching. The collection of essays under review, which opens with the backwardness thesis and closes with appendices on industrial development in Italy and Bulgaria with reflections on Soviet literature along the way — has achieved a hallowed acceptance.

His seminar then, and the availability of fellowship support, attracted several Harvard students, and even some from neighboring MIT, to work in the field.

The University experience was the first of these disappointments. Citing articles via Google Scholar. University of California Press.


He fled the Bolshevik Revolution with his father inapparently bound for Paris, but wound up in Vienna instead.

During his time on the Federal Reserve Board, Gerschenkron established himself as an expert on the Soviet economy. Those specific cases, in turn, bolstered his advocacy of a comparative, all-encompassing European structure.

A fourth and last perxpective observation relates to his general intellect. OdessaRussian Empire.

Alexander Gerschenkron

Should one renationalize after the extraordinary privatization that has occurred over the last decade or so? There he taught himself languages including, German and Latin.

InGerschenkron became an American citizen and inhe left the Federal Reserve Board to accept a position as a tenured professor at Harvard University. Don’t already have an Oxford Academic account?

Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective

Always, too, there were an impressive group of visitors to Cambridge who were invited to speak to the seminar, but never had permanence in its regular activities. Retrieved from ” https: Should one seek to enhance the role of central direction and decision at the expense of decentralization and private determination? Don’t have an account?

So does the case of success in Asia. In a notable Rand study inA Dollar Index of Soviet Machinery Output, tohe showed that the remarkably high rates of growth of Soviet historcal production owed itself to the index number bias: Harvard offered him a position as a tenured professor, the gerscjenkron to Abbot Payson Usher.