Effect of Aerobic Priming on the Response of Echinochloa crus-pavonis to Anaerobic Stress. Plant Physiology ; I. O. Akobundu, C.W. Agyakwa. Echinochloa crus-pavonis* (Kunth) Schult. Mant. 2: (). Classification. ( GPWG ): Subfamily Panicoideae. Paniceae. Basionym. Echinochloa crus-pavonis, a monocot, is an annual grass that is not native to California; it was introduced from elsewhere and naturalized in the wild.
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It acts as a host for several mosaic virus diseases. This plant can grow to 60″ 1. The seed heads are a distinctive feature, often purplish, with large millet-like seeds in crowded spikelets. Culms cm; nodes glabrous. This grass is readily eaten by wild animals: Both species have well-differentiated, early-withering tips on the fertile lemmas; according to FNA, E.
Diao Echinochloa pungens var. Consist of long conically sharped racemes cm long, some of which may be branched. Upper glumes subequal to the spikelets; lower florets sterile; lower lemmas unawned or awned, awns 15 mm, curved; lower paleas absent, vestigial, or well-developed; upper lemmas narrowly elliptic, not or scarcely exceeding the upper glumes, acute or obtuse, with a well-differentiated, early-withering tip, glabrous or pubescent at the base of the tip, hairs not forming a line across the base; anthers 0.
Riceweeds en – Poaceae – Echinochloa crus-pavonis Kunth Schult. Underground system Roots at lower nodes.
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Log In New Account Sitemap. It grows on variety of wet sites such echinocnloa ditches, low areas in fertile croplands and wet wastes, often growing in water. Panicum zelayense Kunth Steud. A warm-season grass used as cattle fodder and is sometimes cultivated for this purpose.
Echinochloa crus-galli Plant List: Local weediness Burkina Faso: Probably also used as a food plant by various tribes, as it is so similar to E.
Individual plants can produce up to 40, seeds per year.
Riceweeds fr – Information – Taxonomie – Echinochloa crus-pavonis (Kunth) Schult.
Pale brownish, broad-elliptic to ovateto 1. Presl Oplismenus zelayensis Kunth Orthopogon crus-galli L. It favors marshes and wet places at lower elevations, often being found in the water. Barnyard grass commonly occurs throughout tropical Asia and Africa in fields and along roadsides, ditches, along railway lines, and in disturbed areas such as gravel pits and dumps.
General habit Erectascending grass. Sheaths glabrous, often purplish; ligules absent; blades cm long, mm wide, glabrous.
Riceweeds en – Poaceae – Echinochloa crus-pavonis (Kunth) Schult.
Annual or short-lived perennial grass, erect or sometimes decumbent at base, cm tall; nodes glabrous. Dai Echinochloa crus-pavonis var. Barnyard grass was one of the five most cultivated crops during Joseon Dynasty in Korea. Wikispecies has information related to Echinochloa crus-galli. Echinochloa crus-galli is a type of wild grass originating from tropical Asia that was formerly classified as a type of panicum grass.
They have no ligules and the sheaths are glabrous. Flower 3 anthersechionchloa. Lowland rice areas, does not typically germinate and grow in the absence of oxygen and is not found naturally in flooded rice paddies. This page was last edited on crus-pzvonis Octoberat The young shoots are eaten as a vegetable. Ecology Lowland rice areas, does not typically germinate and grow in the absence of oxygen and crus-pagonis not found naturally in flooded rice paddies.
Rural Development Administration of South Korean government discovered barnyard grass effectively lowers blood sugar and cholesterol when consumed according to Yonhap.
The plant extract is used in diseases of the spleen. Adapted to nearly all types of wet places, this grass is often a common weed in paddy fieldsroadsides, crus-pavoins areas, and fallow fields. Annual grass reproduces by seed. Kunth Oplismenus limosus J. There are two varieties of E. Moench Oplismenus crus-galli L. Spikelets 3 mm long, 1 mm wide, disarticulating below the glumes at maturity. It is fed green to animals and provides fodder throughout the year; hay made from this plant can be kept up to 6 years.
Dai Echinochloa glabrescens Kossenko Echinochloa hispida E. Are long and linearabout 40 cm long and 2 mm across and usually widest in the middle from where they taper to a pointed tip and a narrow base.
Weed type Grass Global description An erectannual mash grass up to 3 m high. Flora of North America. Treatments state that the spikelets have 1 cm awns, but herbarium specimens do not always bear that out. Echinochloa are similar to Panicum and Setaria due to the hard single-seeded spikelets; however, the one-sided racemes, lack of ligules, large, pointed spikelets and lack of cris-pavonis bristles separates this genus.
The species as a whole has a good amount of taxonomic uncertainty surrounding it, having echhinochloa considered a variety echinochoa E. Grass used as cattle fodder and is sometimes cultivated for this crus-pavinis. The following Punjabi dialect forms are recorded in Punjab for this grass:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
It is found in higher, dryland areas and has generally been considered to be an anaerobic- or flood-intolerant species. The spikelets are about 2.