Alexander Gerschenkron, Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective, Alexander Gerschenkron, Cambridge, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Pp. ($ ). Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays. By Alexander Gerschenkron. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
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The course was just the introduction. And he wrote, in long nights of private work, what proved to be his single piece of greatest length, Bread and Democracy in Germanypublished in Berkeley: Why should you be angry? Many of the essays are ln worth reading.
Additionally, one can record that a goodly number of them have also attained presidency of the Economic History Association.
Most of the students chose subject matter far from continental Europe. Gerschenkron did not define economic backwardness but alluded to related factors: The essay gave its name to his volume of essays published by Harvard University Press in He flourished as the doyen of economic history economiic the United States.
What was an advantage in one historical setting can readily become a disadvantage in another. The Gerschenkron effect can arise with aggregation methods that use either a reference price structure or a reference volume structure to compare countries.
At Harvard, he led the Economic History Workshop and taught courses on Soviet economics and economic history. Shura, as he was better known by those very close to him, is guaranteed a place in the pantheon of economic history. He worked on the Federal Reserve Board historicwl four years, and was eventually promoted to the head of the International Section.
Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective
The finished Gulick book, Austria from Habsburg to Hitlera two-volume work, published in Berkeley: For the small crop of students who wrote with him over more than a decade went on to leadership as the field of economic history was just changing back from an historical emphasis to an economic one.
The Gerschenkron pesrpective arises because of the negative correlation between prices and volumes. Over time, and as he read prodigiously and modestly histtorical the theoretical foundation, the structure of his approach became ever more specific.
Gerschenkron also warns of the possible difficulties of creating a government monopoly. This “Gerschenkron effect” was a significant finding that deflated the announced superior Soviet growth.
Article PDF first page preview. As the contemporary world continues to confront the problem of inadequate development, particularly over the last twenty years in Latin America and Africa, that special magic of nineteenth century backwardness stimulates greater appeal, and greater hope. Retrieved April 18, Backwardness can too easily become an alternative, technologically rooted explanation that distracts attention alexanfer the state and the politics surrounding it, rather than focusing upon its opportunities and constraints.
However, in the party ceased to exist after the Austrian Civil War. He showed that the high rate of growth of Soviet industrial production was an effect of backaardness number bias: In this study, he constructed a series of dollar indexes of Soviet industrial output for alexwnder purpose of proving the deficiencies of gerschdnkron official Soviet index during that time It is likewise anti-Rostovian.
With a monopoly in place, the government could set a price policy, which would force a number of farmers to discontinue grain production for the market and eventually carry out the needed adjustment of high cost agriculture to the international market conditions.
He also learned many languages. They also obtained a father figure whom they desperately sought to imitate in their own scholarship and subsequent teaching.
Alexander Gerschenkron – Wikipedia
Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. He did well, advancing to head of the International Section, until the decisive moment came in Backwardness was at the root of his model of late-comer economic development. Gerschenkron, Alexander Reviewer s: Such a tension takes political form and motivates institutional innovation, whose product becomes appropriate substitution for the absent preconditions for growth.
That provided a chance for him to assess each student early on through a brief visit to his office. With AIDS spreading rapidly throughout Africa, with malaria and other diseases recurring, with environmental degradation threatening, with a demographic transition that will begin to exert the pressure of an aging population, there is no lack of additional new problems that are pressing.
Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays
I summarize it here in four hypotheses:. A fourth and last relevant observation relates to his general intellect. Failure of economic development to become a global process, as it appeared to do in the s, and for broad convergence in per capita income levels to occur, now constitutes a major intellectual and practical challenge.
They eventually settled in ViennaAustria. In addition to his vast knowledge of economic history, he also studied literature.
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